In this post you will download Steel Designers Handbook by Branko Gorenc, Ron Tinyou and Arun Syam
in response to the 1998 revision of the Australian Steel Structures Standard (AS 4100)
and the latest release of the Loading Codes (previously AS 1170 and now renamed as
Structural Design Actions—i.e. AS/NZS 1170). The magnitude of revisions and new
terminology was such that the first three chapters of the text had to be rewritten. An
additional impetus for wide-reaching revisions of the text was the three substantial
amendments to AS 4100 and changes in related Standards (e.g. welding, bolting,
galvanizing, etc.). Finally, the updated literature on the subject and readers’ feedback
highlighted other areas for clarification or improvement.
The design of steel structures by the limit states design method may be seen to be asomewhat complex subject, and a correct interpretation and application of code
provisions is required for successful outcomes. This Handbook is not intended to be a
self-standing ‘parallel’ steel design code. The authors recommend that readers take this
text as a directory and guide, and subsequently refer to AS 4100, its Commentary and
related Standards, for a full appreciation of current structural steel design requirements.
This text is intended to cover enough material to enable design of everyday structural
frames, members and connections. An expanded list of related Standards and an
extensively re-worked bibliography is included in Appendix A. Combined with the
references listed in the Standards, this should provide a rich background to various design
methods and solutions.
Some rearrangement of material in the sixth edition has been necessary for convenience.
The elastic design method in Appendix B now contains the elastic torsion design methods
that were previously found in Chapter 5 (though there is also some consideration of
plastic/limit states torsion design). The material on brittle fracture was expanded and
placed in Chapter 2 and the fatigue section has been expanded and placed in Chapter 10.
Appendix B now covers basic working stress design theory and torsion design.
A lot of effort has been expended in preparing additional numerical examples and
revising others. Examples are now cross-referenced to clauses in AS 4100, other
Standards, design aids and related material for easier interpretation.
During the writing of this edition of the Handbook, the Building Code of Australia
noted that the pre-existing AS 1170 series of Loading Standards were running in parallel
with the newer AS/NZS 1170 series of Structural Design Actions (for a transition
period). The effect of this has meant the following for the Handbook:
• There are slightly differing load factors, suggested deflection limits (AS 1170 used
Appendix B of AS 4100) and notional horizontal forces which are subsequently noted
in the relevant parts of the text with additional comment. The load factor calculations
utilised in the Handbook are those listed in AS/NZS 1170
• There is an interplay of the terms ‘load’ and ‘action’, and both terms are used
• AS 1170 (i.e. AS 4100) notation for design action effects and design capacities are used
in lieu of AS/NZS 1170 notation.
Some other notable changes and additions to the Handbook include:
• A section on ‘Further reading’ placed at the end of each Chapter which lists additional
references should extra detailed or background information be required
• An expanded and comprehensive list of steel design and related Standards
• An expanded, comprehensive and updated bibliography
• A new method of referencing items listed in the bibliography (i.e. by Author(s)/
Publishers name then [year]—e.g. Gorenc & Tinyou )
• Significant use/reference to other key design aids and publications (e.g. Australian Steel
Institute Design Capacity Tables, etc.) for quick design calculations
• Tips, shortcuts and design/fabrication economics presented where possible
• Useful links and references to other Standards, websites, manufacturers and suppliers
in the steel construction and related industries (no other similar hard-bound
publication provides this consolidated information)
• Items of conflict listed between Standards and practice
• An all-encompassing summary of the Australian (and some parts of the New Zealand)
steel design, specification, fabrication, etc., scene (including fire, fatigue, fabrication,
etc. issues)—something not offered by other similar publications.
The following points should also be noted when using the Handbook:
• As is normal practice, and in line with the typical precision of data used in structural
design, all calculations and worked examples are generally done to three (3) significant
figures—hence there may be some very minor numerical rounding when comparing
calculated or listed values with those in other references.
• Linear interpolation of tables may generally be undertaken.
• The worked examples are for illustrative purposes and consequently some may depart
from actual detail practice (e.g. bolt threads excluded from the shear plane, use of nonstandard
steel grades, etc.).
• Due to the revision of the 1998 edition of AS 4100 from its 1990 predecessor, the
general notation used for the ‘length’ terms has changed from L to l. In most instances,
the Handbook refers to l, however, due to other references, both types of ‘length’
notation are used interchangeably.
• Section, Figure and Table numbers in the Handbook are referenced with a number in
the text whereas Section, Figure and Table numbers in other references (e.g. AS 4100)
are duly noted with the specific reference.
• Most variables for an equation or term are defined near the respective equation/term.
However, due to space limitations, in some instances undefined variables are not listed
(as they may be self-evident), though the reader may find the substantial ‘Notation’
section at the back of the Handbook useful should variables require defining.
Based on feedback over many years, the authors believe the seventh edition should be of
valuable assistance to engineering students and practising engineers alike. However, in
the interests of ongoing improvement, and as noted in the previous editions, comments
and suggestions from readers are always welcome.
Lastly, the authors also gratefully acknowledge the support, assistance and patience
provided by their families as well as Russell Watkins, Simeon Ong, Smorgon Steel Tube
Mills and University of New South Wales Press in the development of this edition of the
Handbook. Arun Syam dedicates his involvement to his ever-supportive father, Bijon
Syam, who passed away during the final stages of the Handbook’s production.
B.E. Gorenc, R. Tinyou and A.A. Syam